Cerebrovascular diseases are most commonly associated with blood vessel disorders of the brain that limit blood flow, and can lead to stroke or hemorrhage. Some types of cerebrovascular diseases include cerebral embolism, cerebral thrombosis, and cerebral hemorrhage, as well as stroke and transient ischemic attach (TIA/mini-stroke), and vascular dementia. Those affected by these conditions mainly include the elderly and people who may have a history of smoking, diabetes or heart disease.
The symptoms experienced by patients with cerebrovascular diseases can differ based on the area in which blood has been cut off from their brain, or where the bleeding has occurred. Some of the signs and symptoms associated with a stroke that stem from cerebrovascular diseases include vision impairment, behavioral changes/depression, speech impairment, difficulty eating or swallowing, feelings of weakness, loss of balance, and seizures. Symptoms of hemorrhagic disease can involve difficulty speaking or understanding, severe headaches, loss of memory, neck pain, motor difficulties and bouts of vomiting.
Treatment options for cerebrovascular diseases are dependent on every patient’s individual characteristics, including age and overall health condition, as well as the type of disease and its severity. For example, those suffering from hemorrhagic disease may benefit from the placement of catheters or wire mesh stents in order to stop and prevent further bleeding.
On the other hand, patients with artery disease strive to prevent an embolism, in which case medications such as aspirin and living a heart-healthy lifestyle are key to treating and managing the condition. Avoiding stress or anger, daily blood pressure monitoring and staying fit are also important methods of treatment. In some instances, patients may require a procedure called a carotid endarterectomy in order to re-open the artery. Each case of cerebrovascular disease is different, but there are several treatment options to consider that will reduce symptoms and improve quality of life.