Disc disease, also commonly known as degenerative disc disease, or DDD, is one of the most common causes of back and neck pain. Simply put, disc disease broadly describes symptoms of pain and possibly weakness or numbness due to a degenerated disc in the spine. Symptoms and their degree of discomfort varies, but include activity-related pain that flares up and reduces or goes away entirely when activity stops; severe flare-ups in pain that are eventually, over time, reduce to the regular, chronic level of pain; reduced symptoms when sitting or standing positions are
frequently changed; and feeling better when in a reclined or lying down position.
Disc disease can occur in any area of the spine and a variety of treatment options can be considered, including:
- Pain control
- Physical therapy and rehabilitation
- Lifestyle modifications, like avoiding nicotine, excessive alcohol, and drinking more water
- In some cases, surgery may be an option.